2 years, 3 months ago
Active-job seekers in the programming field might notice the trend of rising demand for Java developers. Although all programming languages have high importance and multiple application areas, Java remains the single focus of most-demanded job vacancies. It is good news for people in the market, seeking a job with Java skills. If you are one of them, you have a vast pool of offerings and a high chance of landing a job in a short period. However, sometimes even the most skilled programmers cannot agree with Java companies. Having programming skills is not enough to convince companies to hire. Applicants need to satisfy many requirements based on the position they apply. Also, soft skills, in addition to hard ones, are necessary. In this guide, we will discuss the main requirements of Java positions and advise some tips to improve the programmers' chance of getting a job.
The requirements, as well as compensation level, changes for different types of positions in Java companies. There usually exists three main categories which are entry-level, junior, and senior. Sure, these categories are general ones, and they can include various job positions. As this guide focuses on programmers getting a job in Java development companies for the first time, it will discuss the main points for entry-level positions. If you attempt to get an entry-level job, it is highly probable that your competitors will be fresh graduates or students. Usually, developers apply to jobs while they are still studying or when they graduate.
Generally, Java companies recognize that entry-level applicants do not have much experience or advanced skills. Developers can have an understanding of how things work in Java, but they don't need to know the application of all processes in this programming language. Java development companies usually want to find fresh minds and train them for better suitability to the company. Hence, if you had a previous experience that was unsuccessful and a waste of time, it is better not to mention it in your resume.
The main expectation of entry-level Java development jobs is the high level of information about the theoretical part of the work. It means that even if applicants lack some practical skills, they can get the job if they understand the reasoning behind processes and general application areas. Also, passion plays a huge role in this type of job offerings. As mentioned, Java companies invest time and energy to train newcomers and make them professionals in their fields. Hence, they want to see that the applicant is eager to learn, try new things, and be open to changes. Showing that this opportunity is important and valuable, and convincing that Java is your passion can increase your chance to get the job.
In addition to passion, motivation, and discipline are necessary. These are some elements of ethical work, and many Java companies need to find it in applicants. Afterall, newcomers with little discipline will not be eager learners and delay the teaching process of the company. The sources of motivation are also essential because it shows that the applicant has drivers to get the job and do his/her best in this position.
All these soft skills are essential, but one should not also forget about technical ones. Nowadays, some Java companies, especially IT outsourcing companies, can accept certificates from online courses. As more people move toward the e-learning system, they get the necessary Java background from such certificates. However, many other companies still require a degree in this field to make sure that the applicant knows the basics. As mentioned, applicants do not need to have an extensive professional background. As education is one of the most crucial factors for selecting an employee from a vast pool of applicants, it is quite understandable why Java companies require a degree. Graduating from a university in Computer Science or any other related field is especially important in developing countries with little familiarity with the effectiveness of e-learning.
Getting a degree can be unaffordable for many applicants. Education in the U.S is expensive, while in developing countries, usually, people lack resources to cover even inexpensive programs. If applicants face such financial problems, they can attempt to get scholarships to cover the costs of studying. Additionally, online courses can still be helpful. However, applicants need to prove that what they learned in these courses is valuable, and they can effectively apply their skills in real-life cases.
Sure, the responsibilities also change depending on what company or position you apply. However, there exist some general tasks that almost all entry-level developers perform at professional companies. If you applied to an unprofessional company, you might have to deal with trivial tasks with no added-value.
The responsibilities of entry-level developers usually revolve around learning new things and applying them to daily tasks. For instance, Java development companies can require developers to analyze some app development tasks, make small adjustments, check them for bugs, and get rid of them. Additionally, they will pay attention to develop your communication and teamwork skills. As a Java developer, you will need to work with other members of the Java companies frequently. For the companies and managers, it is vital that the Java developer can understand what teammates want and work collaboratively. Therefore, it is better if the applicants can prove that they are team-friendly and enjoy working with others, even if it can be difficult sometimes.
Understandably, every developer has different job preferences and areas they want to work in. The problem is that when you apply for your first job, the options can be limited. They can be out of the applicants 'comfort zone' and offer fewer benefits than expectations. The advice is that it is better to choose the best from the available opportunities.Even if these options do not match with your dreams, it is necessary to get some experience. No experience is a waste of time or energy unless your task is bringing coffee as a developer. Getting some professional background will later open more doors for you. Then, you can choose the one that caters to all your needs and specifications.
For the first time, try to keep your expectations low and attempt to get a decent entry-level job in professional Java companies. Managers would not be willing to hire you if they sense that you do not value the opportunity and are not eager to get the job in their fields. It is crucial to look eager, motivated, and passionate, though the vacancy is not your finest selection.
If you focus on salary considerably, you decrease your chance of getting a job. Firstly, a decent HR team member will instantly find out your expectations about salary. As mentioned, the primary motivation for the job should be a learning opportunity and a passion for Java development. If an applicant wants to get the job only for making money, most probably, the manager would not want to hire a software developer. Additionally, even wanting to receive high compensation in an entry-level is wrong at its core.
The requirements and responsibilities discussed in previous sections are basic ones for a developer. As Java companies do not require an entry-level to invent a way of profit-making, they do not also provide exceptional salary options. Still, it does not mean that you will generate a little money. Generally, a developer in the entry position can make around $60 000 in a year. The main point is that applicants should not focus on salaries and prefer the compensation package more than the learning and improvement opportunities of the position.
Though the requirements for entry-level positions are low, the selection process can be challenging. Usually, companies utilize at least two stages of assessment. The first one is a general interview where recruiters ask applicants for their interest in the position or a common question of where they see themselves in the future. If applicants pass this stage, they gain the right to participate in the second round of assessment. In the following step, recruiters can ask the applicants to do some simple Java tasks. Developers of the Java development companies can also join the test and analyze the results to give evaluations about the applicant.
Yet, you should not expect tasks with high complexity. They usually ask basic implementation questions to test the problem-solving and critical analysis skills of the applicants. Try to be prepared for similar challenges and do not go to the assessment without preparing for it. Review the things you learned till that time and search for other questions online. There exist some platforms where developers share their experiences in the assessment test of Java companies. These comments can be helpful to properly prepare for the evaluation. We also gathered some questions that recruiters of Java companies frequently ask.
One of the examples of questions in interviews can be the requirements for coding in Java. Applicants can mention the importance of a development kit and virtual machine. They can also explain all details of the installation process if the recruiters give time. Questions about JVM and code editor are also common.
As mentioned before, Java companies value team-relations and communication skills with others. Additionally, they want all team members to understand each other verbally and through their codes. The code of one developer should be organized and understandable for another one. Hence, they usually ask questions about organizing the codes. Also, they can require an applicant to review code and tell what the aim of it is and how it operates. This type of evaluation is common because it reveals valuable insights. First, it indicates the knowledge level of an applicant. Second, it shows how fast you can adapt the code and whether you will ask questions to analyze it better. Asking smart questions to understand the codes are highly-advisable, because it can be an indicator of communication skills.
Throughout the guide, we mentioned several times applicants need to have basic skills. Even if the competition is stiff, low-skilled applicants get to land a job if they have no prior experience. The reason for such an opportunity is that some Java companies might want to mold the entry-level developers into senior employees with their necessary approach. Yet, basic skill level can be a vague term, so this section elaborates on what basic skills cover.
Applicants need to be familiar with the proper Java Syntax, which does not leave out brackets and accurately declares objects or class. Also, you need to know how to create packages for codes to keep them organized. Familiarity with core concepts such as OOP, loops, JAR library, and design patterns are necessary. If you are interested in website development, additional elements can be some understanding of the working scheme of HTML, CSS, XML, as well as SQL databases.
If applicants do not put their educational or theoretical background of Java into practice, they can forget some elements. Therefore, it is utterly essential to review the basics and prepare for the common questions. As mentioned before, some platforms help to get information from previous applicants. However, there exist solutions that facilitate the preparation process, too.
This website is an excellent platform for practicing and overcoming some challenges of the coding process. Although it's full version is paid, applicants can still generate valuable insights from its free offerings. This platform can determine the difficulty level, which makes it an excellent choice for entry-level developers. Sometimes applicants lose their hopes while studying the interview questions and feel that they are not suitable for the position. The reason for such a problem is that they review the questions of higher-level position interviews. Hence, it is necessary to find the challenges that most entry-level applicants face in Java companies.
LeetCode not only provides different levels of complexity, but also allows searching questions by inputting specific keywords. Once users run the code, find a solution, and submit it to the evaluation, they can get information about the average time of completion of their peers.
If you start searching for questions online, one of the resources that pop-up at first results is Javarevisited. It is a unique platform that combines both theory and practice. Users can find helpful tutorials and study them regarding software or game development. Later, they can apply the tutorials to practical examples. Therefore, this platform is useful for applicants who want to boost their knowledge or do some practice to revise their learned concepts.
Recruiters can sometimes use the Codility platform as a tool to assess the skills of the applicants. It is similar to LeetCode in concept. However, the main challenge is that this platform has a timing system. Timed tests can be stressful, but it is important for getting a programming job. It is advisable for applicants to at least use the demo version of the platform to improve their skills and the speed of completion.
If it is hard to focus on readable material, then applicants can get familiar with the Youtube channel called CS Dojo. Some entry-level developers can get a better understanding of topics if they listen to the topics from other people, instead of ready materials. This channel is an excellent way of preparing for the interview. Its creator is a former Google employee. Hence, he is more reliable and discusses real-life cases. He discusses the main interview challenges that professional companies utilize in evaluation.
This platform offers theory and practice at the same time, too. Users can review the information regarding different topics- web development, design patterns, databases, etc. They can also check some coding questions. The main difference of this website from others is that it categorizes questions based on the Java development companies. It means if you target getting a job in a specific company, you can find the common questions they ask in the interview on this platform.
Among the fierce competition, getting a programming job can be a difficult entry-level position. The most important thing to remember is that Java companies do not require developers in entry-level based on their experience level. The main factors that matter are the motivation and passion of the applicant toward learning and improving. An applicant should focus on these factors more than the salary, have some basic skills in Java regarding website, game, or software development, and be ready to learn. Lastly, if you can prove that you satisfy these requirements by preparing for the interview properly, you will probably get the job.