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When it comes to web development, selecting the best programming language is a huge problem. It is an immense decision you have to make. There are lots of programming languages out there, but choosing the one that fits your project is a headache. Now, over the years, Django web development has been growing in popularity due to several good reasons.
Among many functions, Django enables you to write software that is:
And the list goes on. So, Django pretty much handles all the challenges you go through with web development. But, should you use the Django framework for your project?
For you to complete your project successfully, you'll need the best framework and the programming language. So you'll have to evaluate all the requirements and the expected outcome of your project. Then after, you find the best framework that can provide you with the flexibility, scalability, security, etc. for a quality project.
If you want to know whether the Django web development is the right option, you should analyze Django in detail. And the first thing you have to consider is what Django is.
Django is an open-source, whole-stack, free framework web application. When you have a framework, it gives you the foundation through which you can write your programs for a particular project. So, in this instance, Django comes with pre-written components to help you quickly build your website with clean and practical architectures. Also, they coded the Django web development with Python.
How does this help you? Think of it this way. Instead of developing a web application from the ground up using Python, you can use the Django framework to assist you in certain situations such as routing, templating, user authentication, admin panels, and many more.
Two programmers, Adrian Holovary and Simon Willison, created Django when they worked at the Lawrence Journal-World located in Kansas. During that time, the newspaper agency wanted to come up with a web application to publish their news online. Eventually, the originators of Django made the software available to the public when Django turned into a broad framework.
When Django became a community, its development quickly grew, and numerous websites began to use the Django framework. Over the years, countless popular apps have used Django to create their app framework. Some of them include, Washington Post, Dropbox, Spotify, and Pinterest. Currently, they have more than 11,000 developers in their community in over 166 countries.
The Django web development with Python has a Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) rule, which prevents you from wasting much development time. In simple terms, Django helps you to avoid rewriting already existing codes. That's because of how it allows you to put components in order on your website.
The Django framework is capable of massive load systems and can reduce the time when working on a project with a close deadline. The reason is because of the architecture. Now, let's have an in-depth look at the Django architecture.
The original programmers created Django web development with Python, so every structure is pythonic. It began as a Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework, and they are still using the MVC concept in the latest version.
The MVC architectural structure enables you to change both the visual aspect of the business logic and the application part independently. That way, it does not affect each other. However, most web developers commonly refer to the Model-View-Template (MVT) as Django's architectural structure. Let's analyze each of the MVT.
According to Django, a model relates to a single, clearly defined information source concerning your data. It holds the fundamental behaviours and fields (attributes) of your stored data. In general terms, every single model links to each table in the database. Officially, Django supports four databases: MySQL, SQLite, Oracle, and PostgreSQL.
Every model contains your data information, and it uses attributes (fields) to represent your stored information. The model does not recognize Django layers because it's a Python class. So communication between the Django layers has to be done through Application Programming Interface (API).
Models contain properties, custom methods, business logic, and other elements linked to the manipulation of data. Also, the models help you to read, create, delete, and update datasets in the primary database.
The view accomplishes three tasks:
In other words, the view receives data from a model and do two things:
Django has a strong template engine it works with. They also have their markup language with numerous tools. Templates refer to files which come with a Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) coding with the purpose of rendering data. The contents contained in the files can be dynamic or static.
The template does not have a business logic, which means its sole purpose is to show data.
A lot of people assume that Django is just a casual web system used to manage content. But, the Django software can create and run applications on the web. The origin of Django will give you a clear perspective on its many-sided structural nature.
The Django comes from Django Reinhardt, the jazz guitarist. He was excellent at playing the guitar regardless of his paralyzed two fingers, which he had after a fatal accident. Similarly, the framework of Django can undertake multiple tasks, and do so excellently. You can use Django to create:
Also, Django is excellent in:
Django has, over the years, impressed millions of developers around the world. They were even listed as part of the Stack Overflow Developer 2018 Survey as the most loved web framework. Here are some of the benefits that make Django unique.
Numerous third-party applications have Django integrated into them. Depending on the kind of requirements your project needs, you can incorporate these applications. For example, imagine having legos. Each block of the lego comes with different shapes and functions. Combining the different blocks forms a specific object.
In the same way, when it comes to developing an app, sending emails (block) or authorization access (block) is almost part of every development project. You can use these "blocks" in the same project to perform a specific task. And that's what Django does. It consists of several applications that you can simply integrate into a system to come out with one particular target function.
Django has seen tremendous growth over the last 11 years. During those periods, they have enhanced many things to work correctly for you. They've also included new elements to the framework. Usually, when you want to find out how something works in Django, there's a high chance that you'll find the answer.
Also, any issues you face may be already solved by the Django community. Even if you're not finding what you're looking for, the community is always there to assist you.
Admin panel, also referred to as backend, is an interface through which you can change how the application looks. In other words, the admin panel assists you in managing your apps. The Python code is used to create the Django backend automatically. If not, it would take a considerable amount of time and become irrelevant.
Due to the third-party applications, you can customize the admin panel in the Django. Also, you can change the interface with dashboards and third-party apps specific to your project needs.
Coding Django web development with Python helps your website to rank high on Search Engine Results Pages (SERP). In other words, when people search for a term relating to your product, services, brand, etc., your page will likely be seen by the user.
Using Django can help you generate website links and URLs that are easy to read using relevant keywords and proper SEO tactics. Most people neglect what the URL slug is and focus on the domain name. The URL slug is essential because it can improve the SEO on your site. Django can help in fixing that problem.
This web framework allows you to integrate plugins into your application. Plugins are software additions that enable you to customize your application with a unique feature. It leaves room for you to create so many customizations to improve your app.
If, in the future, you want to make some changes to your app, you can remove some plugins and replace them with new plugins that serve your immediate needs.
Programming languages have a set of libraries to solve everyday tasks. A software library has pre-written procedures, codes, classes, scripts, and many more that help you to build your application
As part of the rule, they add the library to a program so that it can offer many functionalities. Also, the purpose of the library is to process a code without having to write a new coding system automatically. It can improve the development speed of your project. You can use the Django library when creating any type of project. Some of the libraries are:
One of the reasons why Django is highly recognized is its object-relational mapping features. The purpose of the ORM is to help you communicate with the database. The ORM is a library that sends stored data such as Oracle and PostgreSQL to objects that application codes use typically.
Django's ORM can acquire information in such a way that you can complete your project in the shortest possible time. It's fast, and you don't need to know the programming language that was used to alter the data. Also, you can change between databases related together with fewer changes in codes.
For example, in local development, you can use SQLite and change to MySQL when in production. However, we recommend that you stick to one database to prevent any errors which you switch between databases.
Even though Django has an incredible framework, it comes with some drawbacks. Here are some reasons why Django may not be for you.
Django can sometimes be too massive for some projects. However, Python gives you other framework access to create secure solutions. For example, developing a chat is too small for Django's framework. So in place of Django, you can use a microservice framework like Flask.
Websockets, give you access to update events or information as they happen. Django currently doesn't offer such assistance on web applications. But you can use frameworks that support WebSockets such as aiohttp.
There are some modules in Django like forms and ORM that are difficult to get a replacement. It will need a great attempt on the part of your developers before they can alter the internal structure.
Some of Django's internal modules, like the admin panel, are hard to change primarily due to Django's way of handling things or philosophy. If you choose to add an element that's not part of their ecosystem, it can take hours before you succeed. But it doesn't come without a surprise bill.
The advantages of Django far outrun their disadvantages. So that usually should not be a problem. However, if Django is not ideal for you, there are other alternatives you can try out. Besides, it's not ideal to have one framework. You should consider different frameworks to find out which best suits you.
So here are some alternatives you can try out.
Developing web applications without frameworks would be tiresome and take too much time to complete a project. But Django is not the only Python framework on the market. Other frameworks that use Python include Flask, Tornado, and Pyramid. All these frameworks are created for big projects, including less complex applications.
Some programming languages, such as PHP, have their framework. Examples of PHP are Laravel, Symphony, and CakePHP. They design these frameworks for the quick development of an application. For example, you can use Laravel for both small and large projects. Just like Django, it comes with a strong template engine.
If security is the primary focus in your project, then Lavarel is the best choice to consider since it has powerful encryption packages. You can use databases such as SQLite, MYSQL, SQL Server, and PostgreSQL in Laravel.
Of course, these are a few alternatives to Django. There are other frameworks for you to consider before you begin your project.
Deciding on whether Django is the best choice for your project depends on several factors. And you need to analyze critically what these factors entail. That's what we've covered in this article. So if it fits your requirements, you can go ahead and use the structural framework.
However, if the Django web development is not the best option for you, there are other alternatives you can try out. But remember that for you to choose the best framework, it relies on what you want to develop and the goal it will accomplish. Take the time to go over what we've covered and, if possible, run some trials with Django before you begin. It will give you the certainty you need to decide if Django is appropriate for you or not finally.